When we talking about pain you can make a great example from this disease. If you are a patient you already know that. Kidney stones (Renal Calculi or Urolithiasis) is one of the most painful health condition that someone ever have. But sadly most people are a prey to this predator. In this article I will share with you some intel about this disease, an overview, risk factors, signs of this disease, treatment and some ways you can prevent this disease. So you will able to keep a distance from this disease. Let’s see…..

Kidney Stones – Overview, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention & Effects

“One must be reasonable in one's demands on life. For myself, all that I ask is: (1) accurate information; (2) coherent knowledge; (3) deep understanding; (4) infinite loving wisdom; (5) no more kidney stones, please.”
- Edward Abbey

When we talking about pain you can make a great example from this disease. If you are a patient you already know that. Kidney stones (Renal Calculi or Urolithiasis) is one of the most painful health condition that someone ever have. But sadly most people are a prey to this predator. In this article I will share with you some intel about this disease, an overview, risk factors, signs of this disease, treatment and some ways you can prevent this disease. So you will able to keep a distance from this disease. Let’s see…..

What are kidney stones?

What are kidney stones?
What are kidney stones?

Kidney stones are the solid crystalized masses made of minerals and salts. So only from that sentence you might understand why this is painful. These stones are usually originated in the kidneys. That’s why these are kidney stones. But however they have the ability to develop anywhere in the urinary track. For examples you can get kidneys, uterus, bladder and urethra. There could be many causes leads you for this disease. And also the damage could be severe and might go for surgeries too. So you must have a clear understanding about this diseases which a willing to give you now

Types of kidney stones

There are mainly four identified types of kidney stones those are common in the society. Let’s get a brief knowledge about those types so you can get a clear idea about them. It will be important for you to identify the signs and symptoms of each type
types

There are mainly four identified types of kidney stones those are common in the society. Let’s get a brief knowledge about those types so you can get a clear idea about them. It will be important for you to identify the signs and symptoms of each type

Calcium stones

Calcium stones are the most common type of kidney stone. Usually these stones are in the form of calcium oxalate and calcium phosphate. Oxalates could enter our body via our foods (peanuts, chocolate, spinach, chips) and it’s also automatically produce by the liver. Calcium or oxalate amount in the blood can be increased due to some surgeries (intestinal bypass), metabolic disorders and high vitamin D consume.

Uric acid stones

The specialty of this type of kidney stone is, uric acids are most common in men than women at present. We could rarely find this type among women. Certain genetics affects could increase the risk too. The thing is if you have diabetes, chronic diarrhea, metabolic syndrome and if you are getting a high proteined diet you better be careful guys. Because those are the essential factors for these type of kidney stones

Struvite stones

This is also a special type. It is because struvites are most commonly found in women than men now. We could rarely find this among men. These type of kidney stones can grow very large very fast. So you watch out

Cystine stones

At present this is a rare type of kidney stone. They can occur in both men and women in equal possibility. The thing is mainly the victims have the genetic disorder cystinuria that causes kidneys to excrete too much of a specific amino acid

Risk factors for kidney stones – Causes

Here is the thing. Kidney stones are most likely to occur in people between the ages 20 -50 years. Others have the risk too but not as them. Let’s talk about some risk factors that leads us to this disease so we can minimize what we could
risk factors

Here is the thing. Kidney stones are most likely to occur in people between the ages 20 -50 years. Others have the risk too but not as them. Let’s talk about some risk factors that leads us to this disease so we can minimize what we could

  • The main risk factor is making less than 1 liter of urine per day. Daily output must be above 1 liter
  • Family history and heritage
  • Diseases like obesity, dehydration and inflammatory bowel disease
  • Medication like antiseiture drugs, diuretics and calcium based antacids
  • Hyper parathyroid conditions
  • Gastric bypass surgery
  • Consume high amount of protein, salt or gluscose

Signs and symptoms of the kidney stones disease

Symptoms of kidney stones might not be occurred until the stones begins to move down the uterus. But there are some signs and symptoms with this disease that you can identify it and get better treatment before it gets severe. So I will tell you one by one so you could understand well. Check you have these things. I wish you don’t
signs and symptoms

Symptoms of kidney stones might not be occurred until the stones begins to move down the uterus. But there are some signs and symptoms with this disease that you can identify it and get better treatment before it gets severe. So I will tell you one by one so you could understand well. Check you have these things. I wish you don’t

  • Blood in the urine. It might be red, pink or brown urine according to the conditions
  • Severe pain can be occurred. The pain may have on the one side of back or abdomen. This pain is called renal colic. People with renal colic are mostly restless
  • Burning sensation in urination
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Chills and fever
  • Frequent need of urination and small amount of urine
  • Discolored urine

These are some ways you could find whether you are a victim of this disease or not. You better not be. Because you know why. This is not as easy as a simple cold

Tests for identifying kidney stones

There are some tests which we could manage to identify a patient with kidney stones. Some of them are direct and some are helpful for some purposes. But before we doing this anything we should talk with our doctor and do a full physical exam because he is the person who knows about our health history
MRI

There are some tests which we could manage to identify a patient with kidney stones. Some of them are direct and some are helpful for some purposes. But before we doing this anything we should talk with our doctor and do a full physical exam because he is the person who knows about our health history

Some of the direct tests can be listed as follows

  • BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen) and creatinine tests – for checkup on kidney functions
  • Blood tests – for calcium, phosphorus and uric acid
  • Urinalysis – for checkup on blood, calcium, and bacteria

Some other tests which are used as obstructions are

  • Ultra sound for the kidney
  • MRI scan for kidney and abdomen
  • Abdominal CT scans
  • Abdominal X-rays
  • IVP (Intra Venous Pyelogram)

You have to keep in mind in those tests CT and IVP, the die used is affecting somehow for kidney functions but it not much effect on a healthy person with normal process of kidney functioning

Treatments for kidney stones

People who have this disease should drink more than at least 2.5L of liquids a day. That’s the main way of minimizing the harm of this disease. So when we’re talking about the treatments, they are change according to the type of stones you’ve got. Let’s go through some tests so you can gut these things well
treatment

People who have this disease should drink more than at least 2.5L of liquids a day. That’s the main way of minimizing the harm of this disease. So when we’re talking about the treatments, they are change according to the type of stones you’ve got. Let’s go through some tests so you can gut these things well

Medication

Mostly the medications are used in here is to reduce the pain and kill the infection. So pain killers and antibiotics are used in here mainly. Most using pain killers are ibuprofen, naproxen sodium and acetaminophen. Other than that allopurinol is used for type uric acid stones, sodium citrate or sodium bicarbonate for less acidity in urine, thiazide diuretics and phosphorus solutions for prevent from calcium stones

Lithotripsy

You will find below in this articles the effects or the collateral damage of this disease. So by this treatment you will manage to break the large stones inside in to small pieces by using sound waves. Looks what technology brought us. Then they will easily pass through the ureter to bladder without any obstruction.

Ureteroscopy

This is a small wire with a camera attached, which the doctor uses to find it and remove it when the stone is in bladder or ureter. This is inserted through the urethra and passes through bladder. Then the doctor remove the stone by using it

Tunnel surgery

This is the way the doctors use to treat a patient when the kidneys get damaged due to infections, stones are grown very larger so they cause various obstructions and some others like the patient is in such a pain. This is also a good treatment that we have for this painful disease

Always keep this in your mind. Do not engage in these tests or treatments without your doctor’s advice. He will check up on you and give you the best thing. I’m only show you the correct path

So now you get a better knowledge about the treatments we have for this disease. But don’t wait until it takes us. Prevention is better than cure. So always try to prevent the disease. Not to cure them. So the next thing is I will show to how you will manage to prevent this thing

How you prevent from kidney stones

The main way of preventing this disease is drinking enough water and liquids so the output urine is well. Normal intake of liquids should be around 2.4L a day (100ml per hour) so that the output must be at least 1L. Try something other than water kike juices, soda, citrate juices. More you take, more you out, more flushing the kidneys, more good
drinking water

The main way of preventing this disease is drinking enough water and liquids so the output urine is well. Normal intake of liquids should be around 2.4L a day (100ml per hour) so that the output must be at least 1L. Try something other than water kike juices, soda, citrate juices. More you take, more you out, more flushing the kidneys, more good

The other thing is as I said above high intake of proteins, salts and bitamin D can cuase this. So you have to manage your meal and try not using these much for youe own good. And as I said above there are many tests and treatments for you if you are a patient. So don’t be afraid if you have any symptoms. Just meet your doctor and get some advices how things should go

Collateral damage of kidney stones

Here is the story I want to tell you. Kidney stones not always stay in the kidney. As I said earlier it passes though. So when these stones are passing though the ureters, it is too small and the stones may be too large for passing from ureter to the bladder. Passage of stones down the ureter can cause spa sans irritation of the ureter as they pass. This is the cause of appearing blood in the urine. Sometimes this thing can lead us to kidney infections because the stones block the flow of urine, called urinary obstruction

Now you know a considerable amount of facts about kidney stones, how they occur, signs and symptoms, treatments and how to prevent it. So I hope you might have known some unknown points from this. That’s me wish too. Get all the things you can get from these things and make yourselves healthy and always try to prevent from these diseases earlier. Because you know prevention is better than cure. So see you in next one. Be safe guys…..

“You don’t have to cook fancy or complicated masterpieces — just good food from fresh ingredients”
- Julia Child (chef)
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